When critiquing, you are studying what is written in a book. You want to see what the story is about; if the story has good values or not. You also check what lessons people can learn from the story.
Reading is the best way to gain knowledge in critiquing. Critiquing encourages people to read and form an opinion on literary works.
As a critic, you must do the following:
1 – Read the book and take note.
2 – Find out the writer’s reason for writing.
3 – Look at the writer’s choice of language, presentation of ideas, the value(s) of the book, how interesting and original the story is etc.
4 – Read what other people are saying about the book (reviews).
5 – State if you like the story or not and you need to also write your reasons for liking as well as not liking the story. This is called your argument.
Why do you like the story?
Why don’t you like the story?
6 – Support your argument with reasons or facts from the book you are critiquing.
7 – Recommendation: What you want the writer to do to make his or her work better.
8 – Critiquing is not only about what the writer did not do well, you need to point out what the writer has done well too.
All of the above must be supported with facts from the book.
Please note that when critiquing, you must be fair, you must read carefully, you must not be hasty and you must not insult the writer or the writer’s view.